Blue Ridge Fly Fishermans Forum

General: Fly Fishing BS => The bar is open.... => Topic started by: Woolly Bugger on May 02, 2020, 06:57:09 AM

Title: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on May 02, 2020, 06:57:09 AM
They're back! Migratory fish return to Brandywine Creek after dam-removal starts


QuoteIn January, contributor Jon Hurdle reported on how a series of dams along the Brandywine that date back some 200 years were being targeted for removal or modification.
The goal is to allow shad and more to return to their ancestral spawning grounds again for the first time in two centuries. 


This week, Jon Hurdle returns to tell us there's evidence the effort is paying off.

https://www.delawarepublic.org/post/they-re-back-migratory-fish-return-brandywine-creek-after-dam-removal-starts?fbclid=IwAR1oO6hy9PoOXiySEHLInwHWGkoqFn7-WilFue1a2v8sR9jNeyejS434a2E
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: JMiller on May 06, 2020, 12:45:45 PM
You know what's interesting on this topic.
We've had it in our minds for so long, as fishermen, biologists, conservationists, that dams need to be removed to enhance biological conditions of our rivers in a number of ways.
Recently at a conference I was at in PA, I heard an interesting alternative argument proposed.

That actually, the water held behind some of these dams on rivers such as the allegheny, which would normally just flow through in undammed conditions, now serves as a cool water reserve function during the warm summer months, which has implications for helping imperiled native freshwater mussels and other species.

Drought-like, hot summer low flow conditions are a threat to these species, and some of these reservoirs help to maintain acceptable flows.

I don't propose this as a blanket argument against dam removal, just food for thought.

Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Onslow on May 06, 2020, 16:19:56 PM
Quote from: JMiller on May 06, 2020, 12:45:45 PMYou know what's interesting on this topic.
We've had it in our minds for so long, as fishermen, biologists, conservationists, that dams need to be removed to enhance biological conditions of our rivers in a number of ways.
Recently at a conference I was at in PA, I heard an interesting alternative argument proposed.

That actually, the water held behind some of these dams on rivers such as the allegheny, which would normally just flow through in undammed conditions, now serves as a cool water reserve function during the warm summer months, which has implications for helping imperiled native freshwater mussels and other species.

Drought-like, hot summer low flow conditions are a threat to these species, and some of these reservoirs help to maintain acceptable flows.

I don't propose this as a blanket argument against dam removal, just food for thought.



Logic and facts should matter in any decision process.  I generally dislike dams, but hydroelectric power is such a critical part of our power supply, particularly during peak demand, therefore I do not oppose them unless said dam has causes catastrophic hardship to a valuable species of fish.

Old mill dams can also stop the migration invasive species such as Alabama, Kentucky Spotted bass in rivers such as the Deep in NC, or Flatheads in other watersheds.

That all being said, to hell with dams.
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on July 11, 2020, 09:41:58 AM
>>>For the first time in more than 55 years, rafters and boaters can float the Arkansas River from Leadville to Cañon City without disruption.

Colorado Springs Utilities and Aurora Water have finished replacing a deteriorating dam built in the 60s with a boat chute, a new water intake and a fish ladder which will allow trout to spawn upstream. The Homestake Arkansas River Diversion project reconnected the river between Granite and Buena Vista.

https://www.cpr.org/2020/07/10/with-an-old-crumbling-dam-out-of-the-way-the-arkansas-river-is-now-fully-open-to-boats-and-trout/
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on July 13, 2020, 11:46:19 AM
Glen Canyon day; is the dam a tombstone or a giver of new life?

>>>To some, it's a tombstone. To others, it has been a giver of new life.

There are few events or issues in the annals of U.S. environmental history that have been as controversial as the construction of the Glen Canyon Dam, what the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation considers a crown jewel and a monument to its success at harnessing the waters of the mighty Colorado River.

To those who opposed the dam, Glen Canyon's history reads like an obituary about the loss of an incomparable sandstone and water wonderland boasting a plethora of Native American ruins, emerald hanging gardens and a few spectacular natural bridges – a place to truly commune with nature and to find complete solitude since few made the effort to traverse the river along the canyon's stretch.

Those on the other side of the issue feel the dam has improved Glen Canyon – now providing greater access to its breathtaking contrast of towering crimson sandstone walls and vast expanses of crystal blue water.



https://www.stgeorgeutah.com/news/archive/2020/07/12/raw-glen-canyon-day-is-the-dam-a-tombstone-or-a-giver-of-new-life/#.XwyPQhOSlhE
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on July 14, 2020, 10:13:03 AM
Bellingham diversion dam being removed to help these imperiled Pacific Northwest icons




https://www.bellinghamherald.com/news/local/article244071792.html

Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on July 16, 2020, 09:03:47 AM
A Dam Comes Down — and Tribes, Cities, Salmon and Orcas Could All Benefit
You may not have heard much about the long fight to remove the Nooksack Dam near Bellingham, Washington, but its detonation this week will prove ecologically and culturally important.

https://therevelator.org/nooksack-dam-removal/
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Onslow on July 16, 2020, 10:42:42 AM
Some dams in NC need to stay intact to keep invasive Alabama and Kentucky spotted bass at bay. The Bynum dam on the Haw, and the dam on the Deep @ Moncure need not be removed. These two dams protect two excellent largemouth bass fisheries.
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on July 16, 2020, 16:27:15 PM
Removal of Scott Dam key to Salmon and Steelhead recovery


>>>Newly installed sonar fish counting stations operated by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife and California Trout paint a dismal picture for the Eel River's native salmon and steelhead. While research indicates that at least 26,400 of these migratory fish should return to this river system every year for their populations to rebound, fewer than one-third of that number made the journey this past year.

A century ago, as many as one million salmon and steelhead returned to the Eel to reproduce annually. Today, the Eel's coho salmon, Chinook salmon, and steelhead trout populations are all listed as threatened under the federal Endangered Species Act. While the Eel River has the potential to support self-sustaining wild fish populations at a level that could be harvested commercially, it is clearly falling far short of that potential.

https://www.ukiahdailyjournal.com/2020/07/15/another-voice-removal-of-scott-dam-key-to-salmon-and-steelhead-recovery/
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on July 16, 2020, 16:28:21 PM
https://youtu.be/TIhvlPS4Uks

>>>The conclusion to decades of work to remove a dam on the Middle Fork Nooksack River east of Bellingham, Washington began with a bang yesterday as crews breached the dam with a carefully planned detonation. This explosive denouement is also a beginning.



Over the next couple of weeks, crews will fully remove the 125-foot-wide, 25-foot-tall dam, allowing the Middle Fork Nooksack to run free for the first time in 60 years. With the dam's removal, 16 miles of river and tributary habitat will open up to help boost populations of three threatened Puget Sound fish species: Chinook salmon, steelhead and bull trout

https://www.ecowatch.com/dams-washington-2646412613.html?rebelltitem=1#rebelltitem1
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on July 28, 2020, 12:07:18 PM
Controversy swirls over dam plans in Northern New York

>>>PLATTSBURGH, N.Y. (WCAX) - Controversy is swirling in Plattsburgh over what to do with the Imperial Mills Dam. Our Kelly O'Brien has both sides of the story.

Over the last several decades, it's been an upstream battle trying to figure out what to do with the Imperial Mills Dam on the Saranac River.

"We want to take the dam out," said Don Lee with Trout Unlimited.

Local fishermen with Trout Unlimited say the dam blocks Atlantic salmon from getting to their natural spawning grounds upriver.


https://www.wcax.com/2020/07/27/controversy-swirls-over-dam-plans-in-northern-new-york/
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on July 29, 2020, 10:33:02 AM
Europe's migratory freshwater fish population falls by 93% in 50 years

>>>Europe's migratory freshwater fish population has decreased massively.

Since 1970, their numbers have fallen by 93 percent in Europe, the highest rate of population decline in the world, according to a new report by a coalition of environmental organizations including the World Fish Migration Foundation and the World Wide Fund for Nature.

The second highest rate is in Latin America and the Caribbean at 84 percent. Globally, the migratory freshwater fish population has fallen by 76 percent.

https://newseu.cgtn.com/news/2020-07-29/Europe-s-migratory-freshwater-fish-population-falls-by-93-in-50-years-SvdysUeji8/index.html
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Mudwall Gatewood 3.0 on July 29, 2020, 13:19:08 PM
I wonder what migratory freshwater fishes where/are deterred by our Gathright, Philpott and South H. dams?  It is a puzzling principled question for sure.   
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on July 31, 2020, 20:11:23 PM
Removal Of Milltown Dam Supported In Poll
Saint John, NB, Canada / Country 94


>>>Eighty-seven per cent of people polled in the St. Stephen and surrounding communities support the removal of the Milltown Dam.

The poll was commissioned by the Conservation Council of New Brunswick and Atlantic Salmon Federation and conducted by Oraclepoll Research

Neville Crabbe, the executive director of the Atlantic Salmon Federation, said the removal was announced by NB Power last year.

"It's the oldest hydroelectric facility in Canada, it's reached the end of its life. NB Power looked at alternatives to removal including refurbishment and determined there was no case to keep that structure in place," he said.



https://www.country94.ca/2020/07/30/removal-of-milltown-dam-supported-in-poll/
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on August 01, 2020, 10:29:23 AM


>>>The U.S. government announced Friday that four huge dams on the Snake River in Washington state will not be removed to help endangered salmon migrate to the ocean.
US: Snake River dams will not be removed to save salmon


The decision thwarts the desires of environmental groups that fought for two decades to breach the structures.

The Final Environmental Impact Statement was issued by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation and Bonneville Power Administration, and sought to balance the needs of salmon and other interests.

The plan calls for spilling more water over the dams at strategic times to help fish migrate faster to and from the ocean, a tactic that has already been in use.

Environmental groups panned the Trump administration plan as inadequate to save salmon, an iconic Northwest species. They contend the dams must go if salmon are to survive.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/climate-environment/us-snake-river-dams-will-not-be-removed-to-save-salmon/2020/07/31/b797f4f8-d362-11ea-826b-cc394d824e35_story.html
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on August 02, 2020, 10:26:54 AM
Dam removal is a win-win for river and irrigation


>>>A dam removal project in the Rogue River watershed this summer is proving that it's possible to find solutions that benefit both salmon and farms.

The Lower Bridgepoint Dam on Williams Creek, a tributary to the Applegate River, provides water for irrigation, but restricts habitat for Chinook and coho salmon, as well as steelhead and lamprey. Now, thanks to the collaboration of the Applegate Partnership and Watershed Council and with support from the Bureau of Land Management and private landowners, the dam is coming down and the habitat will be restored.

This dam removal adds to the ongoing restoration efforts in the mighty Rogue River watershed, renowned for its world-class sport fishing. These projects help Rogue River salmon sustain recreational and commercial fishing, despite recent droughts that have devastated fish in other rivers in the state.

https://mailtribune.com/opinion/guest-opinions/dam-removal-is-a-win-win-for-river-and-irrigation
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on August 02, 2020, 10:28:31 AM
Nez Perce Tribe Calls for Leadership on Lower Snake River Restoration

>>>"We view restoring the lower Snake River as urgent and overdue.  To us, the lower Snake River is a living being, and, as stewards, we are compelled to speak the truth on behalf of this life force and the impacts these concrete barriers on the lower Snake have on salmon, steelhead, and lamprey, on a diverse ecosystem, on our Treaty-reserved way of life, and on our people." stated Chairman Shannon F. Wheeler.


https://lcvalley.dailyfly.com/Home/ArtMID/1352/ArticleID/56383/Nez-Perce-Tribe-Calls-for-Leadership-on-Lower-Snake-River-Restoration
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on August 03, 2020, 10:22:17 AM
Environmental Groups File Motion To Stop Dam Project In Little Colorado River Gorge

>>>A coalition of environmental groups Monday plan to file a motion to stop a hydropower and dam proposal in the Little Colorado River Gorge. They say it represents a grave threat to the environment, endangered species and tribal sacred sites. KNAU's Ryan Heinsius reports.

The environmental legal group Earthjustice is urging the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to reject a preliminary permit application filed for the Big Canyon project. It would include four dams and four reservoirs adjacent to Grand Canyon National Park on the Navajo Nation. It's the third such proposal in the area from the Phoenix-based Pumped Hydro Storage, and would tap a local aquifer instead of damming the Little Colorado River.

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The Little Colorado River Gorge on the Navajo Nation adjacent to Grand Canyon National Park is the proposed site of three hydro-storage proposals.
Credit Ryan Heinsius / KNAU

https://www.knau.org/post/environmental-groups-file-motion-stop-dam-project-little-colorado-river-gorge



Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on August 06, 2020, 06:13:25 AM
Another Washington dam removal — and 37 more miles of salmon habitat restored

>>> PILCHUCK RIVER, near Granite Falls, Snohomish County — Washington's dam-busting summer is still rolling, with two more dams coming down on the Pilchuck River, opening 37 miles of habitat to salmon for the first time in more than a century.

The $2 million dam removal project is a collaboration between the City of Snohomish and Tulalip Tribes, and will benefit multiple species of salmon, including threatened chinook salmon, crucial food for endangered southern resident killer whales.

https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/environment/another-washington-dam-removal-and-37-more-miles-of-salmon-habitat-restored/
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on August 12, 2020, 10:57:41 AM
Barriers limit cutthroat trout migration

>>> Few people know rivers more intimately than anglers. Every bend, pool and overhanging trees of our favorite river stretches are stored in the recesses of our brains. Particularly those where big fish are known to hide.

From year to year, the pools we fish are usually static and don't change dramatically. We walk up to our favorite stream and, by all appearances, the water looks the same. Things we have a hard time observing happen throughout the year.



https://www.tu.org/blog/barriers-limit-migratory-cutthroat-populations/

Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on August 19, 2020, 12:07:48 PM
A Sweeping Win for Salmon and Steelhead on the Willamette River


>>>Dams on four key tributaries of the Willamette River block between 40 to 90% of spawning habitat. The dams' heights and large reservoirs make it nearly impossible for small fish to swim downstream and for adult fish to access critical spawning habitats upstream. Dam operations create unnatural flows, impact fish habitat, water quality and water temperature which increases mortality.

The Court ruled for the Plaintiffs on all three of their ESA claims, holding that the Corps: 1) failed to carry out "several of the most important [required] measures" related to fish passage and water quality, 2) is jeopardizing and unlawfully taking Upper Willamette Chinook salmon and steelhead, and 3) the agency's significant delay in reinitiating consultation was "a substantial procedural violation of the ESA."

https://www.counterpunch.org/2020/08/17/a-sweeping-win-for-salmon-and-steelhead-on-the-willamette-river/
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on September 02, 2020, 12:15:27 PM
Washington Dam Removal Will Give Salmon The Chance To Spawn



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https://www.kuow.org/stories/60-year-old-nooksack-dam-is-being-blasted-to-pieces-to-let-fish-swim-free


Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on September 02, 2020, 19:15:52 PM
https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/environment/nooksack-river-dam-finally-coming-down-freeing-miles-for-fish-habitat/


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Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on September 12, 2020, 10:15:45 AM
Work underway on Walton's Mill Dam removal

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The replaced metal arch will be able to withstand the 100-year storm event without impacting the road. The increased size also allows for a natural stream bottom and banks which restores fish passage, water quality, and wildlife movements. Connected streams are critical for recovery of Atlantic salmon, brook trout, and other wildlife. :cheers

Progress is being made on the removal of Walton's Mill Dam- a project that was widely approved by voters two years ago.

Heading up the project is the Atlantic Salmon Federation who is investing roughly $1.2 million to make area improvements and remove the historic dam. Built in 1820, the dam was deemed a barrier to the endangered Atlantic salmon by the National Marine Fisheries Service in 2009. By law the town would have either needed to remove the dam completely or construct a passage for the fish to migrate through. The option of the "fish ladder" would not have included any assistance from federal or state funding, and was estimated to cost $750,000.

http://www.dailybulldog.com/db/features/work-underway-on-waltons-mill-dam-removal/
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on September 16, 2020, 09:14:08 AM
https://vimeo.com/454625111

Last month, North Coast Regional Director Darren Mierau presented to an audience of 228 participants about the Potter Valley Project. Two aging dams on the upper Mainstem Eel River, owned by Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E), currently impede (Cape Horn Dam) or completely block (Scott Dam) migratory access to several hundred miles of habitat for federally listed Chinook salmon and Steelhead. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) license for the Potter Valley Project (PVP) expires in 2022. In 2019 PG&E made a paramount decision to not relicense the Project.

This webinar will describe the Feasibility Study Report and Project Plan submitted to FERC in May of 2020 by a coalition of five regional entities including CalTrout to acquire the license for the Potter Valley Project. The Project Plan includes the removal of Scott Dam, modification of Cape Horn Dam, continued power generation, and winter "run-of-the-river" water diversions. The Project plan would result in unimpeded migratory access for salmon and steelhead into the upper Eel River, along with continued diversion of Eel River water to the Russian River.
Title: Re: Damn Dams -- Unlimited dam removal
Post by: Woolly Bugger on September 17, 2020, 08:11:56 AM
Ward's Mill Dam on Watauga River Planned for Removal This Year


>>>
The historic dam at the Ward's Mill along Watauga River near Sugar Grove is being removed this year.

"That is the plan," said Virginia Ward, adding that the future removal will be bittersweet.

"You know it will be okay to let it go. It will open the river and I believe that will be good ... but it's a bit sad, too. We have multiple emotions. Let's put it that way."

https://wataugaonline.com/wards-mill-dam-on-watauga-river-planned-for-removal-this-year/